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Facebook vs. Google: New defenders of privacy?

Tech giants like Facebook and Google try to satisfy rising privacy concerns with new features and policies. But do they really protect our privacy?

Google and Facebook are the two mayor advertising companies online. Their success is based on a vast data collection by billions of users. However, as privacy concerns around the world are rising, the two tech giants try to become more privacy-friendly. Let's analyze!

Facebook vs. Google

New privacy policy after GDPR

Along with the new European GDPR, Google and Facebook updated their privacy policies in May 2019, both stating that their policies are now much easier to understand. Google in particular was successful with this marketing strategy. Many online articles are praising that Google's privacy policy is now clearer than ever.

However, if we look at the privacy policy, it becomes clear that even though easy-to-understand, the privacy policy as such remains problematic:

Here's what Google tracked back in 1999:

  • aggregated search activity
  • personal information you provide
  • clickthrough information
  • cookies

here's what Google tracks in 2019:

  • Things you create or provide to Google:

    • your name
    • password
    • phone number
    • payment information
    • content you create, upload, or receive from others when using our services
  • If you use Google services for calls or messages

    • telephone information
    • phone number
    • calling-party number
    • receiving-party number
    • forwarding numbers
    • time and date of calls and messages
    • duration of calls
    • routing information
    • types of calls
  • Your activity

    • terms you search for
    • videos you watch
    • views and interactions with content and ads
    • people with whom you communicate or share content
    • Chrome browsing history
    • activity on 3rd party sites and apps that use our services
    • voice and audio information when you use audio features
    • purchase activity
  • Apps, browsers, and device data

    • unique identifiers
    • browser type and settings
    • device type and settings
    • operating system
    • mobile network information including carrier name and phone number
    • application version number
    • IP address
    • crash reports
    • system activity
    • date, time, referrer URL of your request
  • Data from publicly accessible sources

  • Data from partners

    • trusted partners
    • marketing partners
    • security partners
    • advertisers
  • Location data

    • from GPS, IP address, device sensor data, wifi access points, cell-towers, Bluetooth-enabled devices
  • From Android devices with Google apps, collected periodically

    • device type
    • carrier name
    • crash reports
    • which apps are installed

Privacy policies are a nuisance to read. The New York Times tested privacy policies such as Facebook's and Yahoo's based on their complexity and easiness to read. The result: "Only Immanuel Kant’s famously difficult “Critique of Pure Reason” registers a more challenging readability score than Facebook’s privacy policy."

The good news is, however, it is not necessary to read the policy to change the settings. Even though it is tedious, this will at least limit the unlimited data collection of Facebook and Google. Nevertheless, you must keep in mind: If you didn't read the policy, you will never know for sure what exactly Facebook and Google are collecting. Not all data collection options have a settings option that can be disabled by the user.

How to change Facebook and Google privacy settings

It takes just a few minutes to review and change your Facebook and Google privacy settings.

Facebook vs. Google: Clash of the privacy infringers

Data leaks

Facebook and Google collect data from billions of people across the globe. Taking care of this data and securing it to the maximum should be a major focus for these two.

Nevertheless, both companies fail when it comes to securing their users' data adequately.

Most recently Facebook exposed phone numbers of around 420 million Facebook users. Some of the records also had the user’s name, gender and location by country.

This follows one of the worst data leaks in online history: Facebook's Camebrdge Analytica scandal where data of 87 million people was exposed.

And Google is no better: Recently, Tim Verheyden who uses Secure Connect, broke the story that Google employees are listening to your conversations, sometimes even when you did not activate Google's smart home device.

In 2018 Google announced to shut down Google+ after data from 52.5 million users were exposed

Opt-in instead of opt-out

Both companies - Google and Facebook - and in fact, all online services could immensely improve the protection of our privacy. A simple change from opt-out to opt-in would facilitate this.

Right now, if you want to protect your privacy, you have to read through privacy policies, change privacy settings, basically, you have to actively change something. If you don't - and the majority of users doesn't - Facebook and Google can collect as much data about you as they wish.

The GDPR - with the requirement of an easy-to-unerstand and readable privacy policy - was a good start. Now we need even better privacy protection laws.

The default settings for any online service should be no or as little data collection as possible. Only if people actively opt-in, companies would be allowed to collect any data.

This if, of courese, completely against the companies' interests. That's why we need a new version of the GDPR, one that will truly protect citizens privacy.

Stop using Google & Facebook

The easiest way to protect your privacy, and to get away from Google's and Facebook's advertisement machine is to leave Facebook and Google completely. In this case, we recommend reading our guide with lots of recommendations of privacy-friendly alternatives.

Even one of the Facebook founders, Chris Hughes, says it is time to break up Facebook.